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What Does Polemarchus Say Justice Is?

After the discussion of justice as a craft, Polemarchus reiterates his faith in the definition attributed to Simonides: “justice is to benefit one’s friends and harm one’s enemies” (334b).

How does Polemarchus define justice?

After the discussion of justice as a craft, Polemarchus reiterates his faith in the definition attributed to Simonides: “justice is to benefit one’s friends and harm one’s enemies” (334b).

What did Thrasymachus say about justice?

What, he says, is Thrasymachus’ definition of justice? Thrasymachus says that he will provide the answer if he is provided his fee. He then says that justice is whatever is in the interest of the stronger party in a given state; justice is thus effected through power by people in power.

How does Socrates define justice?

Socrates seeks to define justice as one of the cardinal human virtues, and he understands the virtues as states of the soul. So his account of what justice is depends upon his account of the human soul. According to the Republic, every human soul has three parts: reason, spirit, and appetite.

What is wrong with Thrasymachus definition of justice?

According to this interpretation, Thrasymachus is a relativist who denies that justice is anything beyond obedience to existing laws. … Thrasymachus therefore turns out to be an ethical egoist who stresses that justice is the good of another and thus incompatible with the pursuit of one’s self-interest.

What is Plato’s definition of justice?

Polemarchus says justice is “the art which gives good to friends and evil to enemies.” Thrasymachus proclaims “justice is nothing else than the interest of the stronger.” Socrates overturns their definitions and says that it is to one’s advantage to be just and disadvantage to be unjust.

What is Aristotle’s definition of justice?

Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts. … Aristotle says justice consists in what is lawful and fair, with fairness involving equitable distributions and the correction of what is inequitable.

What was Socrates reply to Thrasymachus?

When Thrasymachus first tells Socrates that justice is “the advantage of the stronger (Plato 1991, 338c),” Socrates responds that, according to this argument, everyone should eat beef if this is what is good for the strongest wrestler. Thrasymachus bursts out, “You are disgusting, Socrates.

Does Socrates agree with Thrasymachus?

Both Socrates and Thrasymachus agree on the idea that “the just is some kind of advantage” (Plato, Grube, and Reeve pg. 15). However, the idea that this advantage is solely for the “stronger” as Thrasymachus puts it, is something that they do not agree on.

How does Socrates respond to Thrasymachus definition of justice?

Thrasymachus sings the praises of the art of rulership, which Thrasymachus sees as an expertise in advancing its possessor’s self-interest at the expense of the ruled. So Socrates tries to refute Thrasymachus by proving that it is justice rather than injustice that has the features of a genuine expertise. (

Why is it better to be just than unjust?

Socrates also argues that the just life is more pleasurable than the unjust life. The view is not that pleasure is the good and that the just life is happier because it has more pleasure. Rather, the view is that the just life is happier and that it also has more pleasure than the unjust life.

What does Socrates say about justice in the apology?

In The Apology, Socrates professes to know that he does not know. However, he explicitly states: “I do know that injustice and disobedience to a better, whether God or man, is evil and dishonorable.” From this it can be inferred that Socrates supposes to know what is moral and what is not.

What is glaucon’s definition of justice?

Glaucon explains that justice is a social contract that emerges between people who are roughly equal in power so no one is able to oppress the others since the pain of suffering injustice outweighs the benefit of committing it.

What is perfect injustice?

​ A Perfect Injustice believes that only salvation and a truly transformed heart and mind comes from Christ. He is therefore at the center of all that we do and all the programs that we offer, it is all through and because of Him that we serve the people that we do.

Who said justice is the interest of the stronger?

Justice is in the interest of the stronger. This view, first articulated by the Ancient Greek Sophist Thrasymachus, is the subject of much debate in one of Plato’s works The Republic, found in a fictional dialogue between Thrasymachus and Socrates.

How does Thrasymachus define justice quizlet?

what does Thrasymachus’ definition of justice mean. justice is whatever promotes the advantage of those who have political power.