Which theory emphasized unconscious drives and early experiences with respect to development, and which emphasized learning by association, reinforcement or observation? Psychoanalytic theory
Which theory emphasizes unconscious drives and early experiences with respect to development?
Psychodynamic theory (sometimes called psychoanalytic theory) explains personality in terms of unconscious psychological processes (for example, wishes and fears of which we’re not fully aware), and contends that childhood experiences are crucial in shaping adult personality.
Which theory of development emphasized unconscious drives?
Psychoanalytic Theory: a grand theory of human development that holds that irrational, unconscious drives and motives, often originating in childhood, underlie human behavior. (Berger, 35) Developed by Sigmund Freud.
Which theory of development emphasizes learning by association reinforcement or observation?
Social learning theory, proposed by Albert Bandura, emphasizes the importance of observing, modelling, and imitating the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Social learning theory considers how both environmental and cognitive factors interact to influence human learning and behavior.
What theories bring an understanding of intellectual processes including the fact that thoughts and beliefs affect every aspect of our development?
Cognitive theories bring an understanding of intellectual processes, including the fact that thoughts and beliefs affect every aspect of our development. 4.
Which example clearly illustrates a sensitive period?
A good example of a sensitive period is a time when: children learn language easily. In Bronfenbrenner’s ecological-systems approach, the _______refers to interaction among the systems.
What is the best example of plasticity?
For example, a solid piece of metal being bent or pounded into a new shape displays plasticity as permanent changes occur within the material itself.
Who would be most likely to agree with the statement anything can be learned?
|Question Answer||who would be most likely to agree with the statement, “anything can be learned”?John Watson||Classical conditioning is to ______as operant conditioning is to _______ Pavlov; Skinner|
When new experiences are interpreted to fit into old ideas it is called?
Assimilation refers to a part of the adaptation process initially proposed by Jean Piaget. 2 Through assimilation, we take in new information or experiences and incorporate them into our existing ideas.
What emphasizes learning by understanding how a person thinks?
social learning? … emphasizes learning by understanding how a person thinks. Johnny is 12 years old and has been aggressive toward his siblings and peers, hitting, kicking, and calling them names.
Which of the following are types of conditioning where association are learned?
There are three main types of learning: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning. Both classical and operant conditioning are forms of associative learning, in which associations are made between events that occur together.
Are the foundation of psychoanalytic theory?
What is the foundation of Psychoanalytic Theory? Inner drive, deep motives, and unconscious thoughts rooted in childhood.
Which of Erikson’s stages did he regard as particularly crucial for later development quizlet?
Erikson thought the first stage, trust versus mistrust, was particularly crucial for all later relationships.
What is Erikson’s theory?
Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. … According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues.
Which theory is criticized for being too mechanistic?
2. Each theory has faced criticism: psychoanalytic theory, for being too subjective; behaviorism, for being too mechanistic; cognitive theory, for undervaluing emotions; sociocultural theory, for neglecting individuals; and universal theory, for slighting cultural, gender, and economic variations.
What are the 7 stages of development?
There are seven stages a human moves through during his or her life span. These stages include infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and old age.