Which of the following refers to the tendency to remember or notice things that corroborate our expectations and ignore the rest? Confirmation bias .
Which school of psychology considers behaviors in terms of active adaptations?
Functionalism considers mental life and behavior in terms of active adaptation to the person’s environment.
Which is a problem in which experimenters see what they expect to see?
Observer bias (also called experimenter bias or research bias) is the tendency to see what we expect to see, or what we want to see. When a researcher studies a certain group, they usually come to an experiment with prior knowledge and subjective feelings about the group being studied.
Which of the following refers to the rules that define acceptable and expected behavior for members of a group?
Social norms are the explicit or implicit rules specifying acceptable behaviors within a society or group. They define the expected or acceptable behavior in particular circumstances.
Which is a mental health professional who specializes in helping people with problems that do not involve serious mental disorders quizlet?
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor (an M.D. or D.O.) who specializes in mental health, including substance use disorders. Psychiatrists are qualified to assess both the mental and physical aspects of psychological problems. People seek psychiatric help for many reasons.
What two fields helped develop psychology?
Psychology developed from philosophy and physiology .
Who made functionalism?
Functionalists, including psychologists William James and James Rowland Angell , and philosophers George H. Mead, Archibald L. Moore, and John Dewey, stressed the importance of empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy.
Why is random so important for determining cause and effect?
Experiments are the best way to determine cause and effect relationships between these variables. ... Randomly assigning subjects helps to eliminate confounding variables , or variables other than the independent variable that could cause a change in the dependent variable.
Who Discovered confirmation bias?
In the 1960s, cognitive psychologist Peter Cathcart Wason conducted a number of experiments known as Wason’s rule discovery task. He demonstrated that people have a tendency to seek information that confirms their existing beliefs.
What is confirmation bias theory?
Confirmation bias, the tendency to process information by looking for, or interpreting, information that is consistent with one’s existing beliefs . This biased approach to decision making is largely unintentional and often results in ignoring inconsistent information.
Social roles include a defined set of actions assigned to every individual in the society. ... For example, the social roles of an electrician, a doctor, a psychologist, a mother , a grandfather are all different from each other.
What is the name for normal acceptable behavior in our society?
Social norms, or mores , are the unwritten rules of behavior that are considered acceptable in a group or society. Norms function to provide order and predictability in society.
Which type of persuasion involves encouraging people to agree?
Using the foot-in-the-door technique, the persuader gets a person to agree to bestow a small favor or to buy a small item, only to later request a larger favor or purchase of a bigger item.
Which mental health disorder is generally due to a traumatic event?
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, or rape or who have been threatened with death, sexual violence or serious injury.
What are three ways a person can prevent conflicts from occurring?
Start by using techniques to defuse tension between you and another person , such as not bringing up controversial issues, postponing a difficult conversation, or using humor. If you do need to talk through a conflict with someone, focus on the problem rather than the person and look for solutions together.
How demonstrating strong values can strengthen your relationships with others?
By demonstrating strong vallues in your relationships with others, you make positive contributions to healthy relationships . When you are kind and respectful and practice these good values, people will most likely return the same gestures and respect for you as well.