What Was The Goal Of Cortes When He Arrived In Mexico?

by | Last updated on January 24, 2024

, , , ,

In 1519, Cortés was set to command his own expedition to Mexico when Velázquez cancelled it. Cortés ignored the order and traveled to Mexico anyway,

setting his sights on overthrowing ruler Montezuma II in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan


What was Cortes goal?

He first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. Cortés later joined an expedition to Cuba. In 1518, he set off to explore Mexico. Cortés strategically aligned some Indigenous peoples against others and eventually overthrew the vast and powerful Aztec empire.

What was the goal of Cortes to Mexico?

In 1518, he was placed in command of an

expedition to explore and secure the interior of Mexico for colonization

. Cortes landed in the Yucatan Peninsula (Mayan Territory) in February 1519. In March of 1519, he formally claimed the land for the Spanish crown. In short, he played a large role in establishing “New Spain”.

What did Cortes want when he arrived in Mexico?

Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. … “He was a smart, ambitious man who wanted to

appropriate new land for the Spanish crown, convert native inhabitants to Catholicism, and plunder the lands for gold and riches


Why did Spain want to conquer the Aztecs?

Why might Cortes have wanted to conquer the Aztec? Cortes might have wanted to conquer the Aztec

because he wanted gold, silver, to convert them to Christianity, glory, and greed

. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.

Did Montezuma think Cortés was a God?

An unnerving series of coincidences led Montezuma to believe that perhaps Cortés was

the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl

, who had promised to return one day to reclaim his kingdom. Quetzalcoatl, “the feathered serpent,” stood for the solar light, the morning star. He symbolized knowledge, arts, and religion.

What was Cortés lasting effect on the region?

Cortez’s men

destroyed the city, killed thousands of Aztecs, and ushered in centuries of Spanish rule

. They also introduced the Spanish language to an area with a variety of indigenous languages, most notably Nahuatl, the official language of the Aztec empire.

What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs?

Battle of Tenochtitlán. … Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and

a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak

enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

What did the Aztecs think of the Spanish?

The Aztecs first thought the Spanish were

gods due to their light skin and dark hair

. The Aztecs would pay the Spanish gold and other gifts to celebrate them.

How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?

Within five years as many

as 15 million people

– an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language.

How were the Aztecs treated by the Spanish?

The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. They introduced the

Aztecs to domestic animals, sugar, grains, and European farming practices

. Most significantly, the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice.

Who conquered the Aztecs in Mexico?

Between 1519 and 1521

Hernán Cortés and a small

band of men brought down the Aztec empire in Mexico, and between 1532 and 1533 Francisco Pizarro and his followers toppled the Inca empire in Peru. These conquests laid the foundations for colonial regimes that would transform the Americas.

What was a major reason for the end of the Aztec Empire?

Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease

earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE.

How did Cortés defeat the Aztec Empire?

During the Spaniards’ retreat, they

defeated a large Aztec army at Otumba

and then rejoined their Tlaxcaltec allies. In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire.

Who is the God of malinalli?

Malinalli, meaning ‘grass’, is the day in the Aztec calendar associated with

the god Patecatl


Maria Kunar
Maria Kunar
Maria is a cultural enthusiast and expert on holiday traditions. With a focus on the cultural significance of celebrations, Maria has written several blogs on the history of holidays and has been featured in various cultural publications. Maria's knowledge of traditions will help you appreciate the meaning behind celebrations.