Where Does Translation Happen?

by | Last updated on January 24, 2024

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Translation occurs in

a structure called the ribosome

, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins. The ribosome has a small and a large subunit and is a complex molecule composed of several ribosomal RNA molecules and a number of proteins.

Where is translation located in the body?

During transcription, a piece of DNA that codes for a specific gene is copied into messenger RNA (mRNA) in the nucleus of the cell. The mRNA then carries the genetic information from the DNA to

the cytoplasm

, where translation occurs.

Does translation happen in nucleus?

The eukaryotic nucleus therefore provides a distinct compartment within the cell, allowing transcription and splicing to proceed prior to the beginning of translation. Thus, in eukaryotes, while transcription occurs in the nucleus,

translation occurs in the cytoplasm


What are the 3 stages of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages:

initiation, elongation, and termination


What are the 4 steps of translation?

Translation happens in four stages:

activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop)

. These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide). Amino acids are brought to ribosomes and assembled into proteins.

What two places in the cell can translation occur?

In eukaryotes, transcription and translation take place in different cellular compartments: transcription takes place in the membrane-bounded nucleus, whereas translation takes place

outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm

. In prokaryotes, the two processes are closely coupled (Figure 28.15).

Are ribosomes in the nucleus?

The nucleus (plural, nuclei) houses the cell’s genetic material, or DNA, and is also the site of synthesis for ribosomes, the cellular machines that assemble proteins. … This darkly staining region is called the nucleolus, and it’s the site in which new ribosomes are assembled.

Why translation does not occur in nucleus?

For nuclear translation to occur, essential components such as ribosomes, tRNAs, and translation factors must be present in the nucleus, in addition to the mRNA. … In contrast to tRNAs and mRNAs, evidence from several organisms suggests that

newly assembled ribosomal subunits are not functional until they are exported


What happens at the beginning of translation?

Translation: Beginning, middle, and end

Initiation (“beginning”): in this

stage, the ribosome gets together with the mRNA and the first tRNA so translation can begin

. Elongation (“middle”): in this stage, amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNAs and linked together to form a chain.

What’s the steps of translation?

Steps of Translation

There are three major steps to translation:

Initiation, Elongation, and Termination

. The ribosome is made of two separate subunits: the small subunit and the large subunit. During initiation the small subunit attaches to the 5′ end of mRNA. It then moves in the 5′ → 3′ direction.

Which does the termination of translation require?

Answer: The termination of translation requires

GTP, stop codon, and release factors


What happens during translation?

What happens during translation? During translation,

a ribosome uses the sequence of codons in mRNA to assemble amino acids into a polypeptide chain

. The correct amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNA. … The decoding of an mRNA message into a protein is a process known carries out both these tasks.

What happens during translation step?

The steps in translation are:

The ribosome binds to mRNA at a specific area

. The ribosome starts matching tRNA anticodon sequences to the mRNA codon sequence. Each time a new tRNA comes into the ribosome, the amino acid that it was carrying gets added to the elongating polypeptide chain.

What is the result of translation?

The molecule that results from translation is

protein —

or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.

Where are ribosomes found?

Ribosomes are found

‘free’ in the cell cytoplasm and also attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum

. Ribosomes receive information from the cell nucleus and construction materials from the cytoplasm. Ribosomes translate information encoded in messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA).

What is the purpose of translation?

What is the purpose of translation? The purpose of translation is

for mRNA to be read and translated into a sequence of amino acids

. How are DNA and mRNA alike? They both contain genetics.

Diane Mitchell
Diane Mitchell
Diane Mitchell is an animal lover and trainer with over 15 years of experience working with a variety of animals, including dogs, cats, birds, and horses. She has worked with leading animal welfare organizations. Diane is passionate about promoting responsible pet ownership and educating pet owners on the best practices for training and caring for their furry friends.